European

January 16th, 2017 Posted in News

European mink in appearance, size of the number of teeth mink is similar to a ferret. But it has some significant differences. Head burrows are generally semi-aquatic mammals, a few flattened from top to bottom and is separated from the clear neck. Toes connected incomplete flipper, which was developed much more than a weasel. In addition, the sides of the fingers of a fringe of thick, stiff hair growing forward. Such a device makes the legs swimming and movement in sticky places. Mink fur short, smooth, shining, consists of a very dense undercoat and a few rising above it more rough awns. Fur coloration uniform, dark-brown-brown with prominent shine.

Lip and a small two spots on the throat and chest – white. The undercoat is darker than the polecat, and not very different from the color of spine. Mink are well adapted to semi-aquatic lifestyle: she swims and dives well and can swim under water a distance of 10 – 20 m. Continue to learn more with: Harry Kane. Its fur is not wet. Body length mink 31 – 42 cm, tail – 13 – 16 cm, weight varies from 450 to 1100 males usually larger than females and with a coarser constitution. Until recently, the area of distribution European mink was considered the whole of Karelia. True, in the north of this animal has always met sporadically and only in some places, but in some central and southern regions (particularly in , and ) was quite normal and settle the river with a density of 0,2 – 0,5 per 1 km of the channel. In recent years the situation has changed dramatically.

Widespread settlement of the American mink led to a gradual displacement and disappearance of Europe. As a result, more Plastic and physically strong American mink occupied all suitable habitat, and in most of the completely replace the European one. The local mink, if preserved, in a very small number and only there, which did not have time to get a new look. Life mink closely linked with water. Characteristic of their habitat – small forest rivers and streams with ice-rifts winter polynyas heavily littered, with the banks are low, but dry. Much less mink live in flood plains of major rivers and large lakes of the forest. Preferring to coast, abounding in hollows under overhanging layer of turf, covered with wood, shrub or herbaceous vegetation, mink sometimes settles on sites, almost completely devoid of undergrowth. However, its numbers in such places is very low. Mink lives in shallow and usually easy on the device hole, which digs among tree roots or under overhanging sod banks. Log into the hole opens near water or directly into the water. Mink eat up all the animals that live in or near the pond. In winter, the main feed are a variety of rodents, frogs and fish. Summer mink eats, except those listed animals, lizards, small birds, their eggs and chicks. Eat well crayfish, insects, mollusks and plants. Ghosn in mink is early spring, in the second half of March – April, in a litter varies from 3 to 7 pups. Molt, as spring and autumn, very long and takes place later than in most other fur-bearing animals. Summer fur is growing from March to May, and winter in October – November. On the number of mink negative affects a sharp decrease in water level in winter, accompanied by freezing water and the formation of ice accumulation, as well as timber rafting on the rivers, Another reason for the low number of burrows may be different diseases, especially helminth.

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